The materials used to manufacture industrial process piping often differ from those used in traditional pipework due to the differences in regulations and various chemical stresses. Machinists must ensure that process piping is constructed with materials that can withstand certain levels of pressure, temperature, and vibrations depending on which industry they will be used in. Four of the main materials utilized in the construction of industrial process piping are:
- standard steel
- duplex steel
- nickel-based superalloys
The Use of Steel in Process Pipework
Perhaps the most common material used for industrial process piping is standard steel. Contractors tend to lean towards this affordable option since it is known for its resiliency. Standard steel has the ability to not only withstand high temperatures but also maintain its functionality and form while being exposed to high-pressure variations. The material is highly malleable, so manufacturers are able to easily bend and cut each unit to form.
Duplex steel is another material frequently seen in process piping, especially in the pharmaceutical industries. Piping that is manufactured with duplex steel often consists of stainless chromium steel mixed with nickel, ferrite, and austenite. This material is heavily used in systems that transmit gas and petroleum since it can handle high levels of saline exposure while being under intense pressure.
Piping made from nickel-based superalloys typically includes Inconel, austenite, iron, chromium, titanium, and aluminum all in one. They are known for being extremely heat resistant, which is why they are often used in setups that conduct dangerously high temperatures such as combustion chambers. Nickel-based superalloys are regularly seen in both the aeronautic and nuclear engineering industries.
Not only is aluminum inexpensive, but it is exceptionally flexible and easy to assemble. Aluminum is highly light-resistant, and it is also less prone to corrosion when compared to other materials used in industrial process piping. Since aluminum has higher levels of thermal conductivity, it can actually cut at higher speeds while maintaining its structure.
These resistant materials used to manufacture industrial process piping products allow systems to transport, separate, mix and halt various chemical compounds that would not be possible in traditional plumbing systems. Each material has its own qualities that help the machinery withstand and transport process fluids such as industrial gases and chemicals in a safe and effective manner. Contact our team of experts at 408-295-2182 to see which industrial piping material would best accommodate your company’s day-to-day operations.