What are the components of an HVAC system of a building?

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Commercial HVAC systems provide businesses with a vast range of essential benefits. From regulating temperature and humidity levels to improving indoor air qualities, this equipment is critical for maintaining safe, sustainable, and ultimately compliant work environments. Many business owners, however, know very little about the heating and cooling technologies that their operations regularly rely on. The good news is that the components of the average building’s HVAC system are relatively simple and easy to understand.

Most commercial building structures rely on interconnected systems that provide cooling, heating, humidity control, and air filtration across multiple suites and floors. In a large-scale facility, you might find:

  • Rooftop units that are positioned on the nearby ground or roof and that supply conditioned air throughout the entire building
  • Chillers that use complex piping systems to distribute cool water to cooling coils for the production of cold air
  • Heat pumps that extract warmth from water or air for heating
  • Radiant heaters or hot air furnaces

A needs-specific and well-designed HVAC system is a true feat of engineering. Depending upon the basic needs of a facility and all related compliance requirements, special functions, capabilities or features may be required. For instance, some buildings may need stricter forms of temperature and humidity control in areas that are used to house combustible chemicals, network servers, computers, or other potentially hazardous materials or technical equipment. When commercial properties have heating, cooling, air purification, and ventilation systems that are directly in line with the demands of their operations, they can look forward to improved energy efficiency, cleaner air, greater comfort, assured compliance, and fewer moisture-related maintenance issues among other things.

Factors That Will Define The Components Of Your Building’s HVAC System

While all HVAC systems have several components in common, there are many ways in which these parts can be optimized and implemented within the commercial environment. When assessing the needs of your facility, you’ll want to start by determining whether you’ll be powering this equipment with gas, electricity, or oil. It is additionally important to decide how the cooled or heated is will be distributed. While ducted ventilation systems are by far the most common commercial solution, they are hardly the only option for building owners.

In a typical HVAC system, the refrigerant is compressed by an outdoor compressor thereby raising its temperature and pressure. The condenser passes warm, outdoor air over the refrigerant vapor so that it becomes liquefied. The refrigerant is then turned into a lower pressure liquid by the expansion valve so that it cools down. A warmer gas can be created by the evaporator for the purposes of heat transfer. Regardless of what your system needs may be, we can help you arrive at the best possible HVAC configuration for your space. Call us now at 408-295-2182.

Hiring a mechanical engineer for building retrofits, rebuilds, additions, or enhancements is the quickest and surest way to obtain the ideal facilities for supporting your operations. Are you ready to make your workplace more modern, efficient, or compliant? If so, we can help.

Call us today at 408-295-2182.


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